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  Training Systems Requirements Analysis (TSRA)




Training Systems Requirements Analysis in defense industry is crucial to operational readiness and mission success. In August 2011, the Air Force Space Command Audit Agency concluded that "timely completion of Training Systems Requirements Analysis (TSRA) will lead to more effective trainers and reduce acquisition costs by $101 million over 5 years". 

Training Systems Requirements Analysis (TSRA) are typically conducted for new and emerging weapon systems to fully define training system requirements and identify risks associated with development and implementation of training. TSRA may also be conducted for existing weapon systems when major modifications to existing training capability are anticipated. The primary objective of TSRA is to prioritize critical tasks and ensure that all training requirements are addressed. TSRA is divided into the following four major components:

  • Mission/Task Analysis (MTA). Identifies and analyzes all tasks performed in the operation and maintenance of the weapon system; and produces a Master Task List (MTL) as well as a Master Training Task List (MTTL) for each mission area. 

  • Training Requirements Analysis (TRA). Converts the Master Training Task List (MTTL) into training requirements for each position. Training requirements are derived by identifying Knowledge, Skills and Attitudes (KSA) needed to perform each task, and comparing the entry level to the required level. 

  • Objectives/Media Analysis (OMA). Identifies terminal and enabling learning objectives including how well should they be performed and under what conditions. Instructional strategies, methods and media are also allocated and justified for each objective in this phase; and a syllabus/course map generated. 

  • Training Systems Basis Analysis (TSBA). Analyzes existing training systems, identifies deficiencies and recommends alternate solutions that take constraints into account. Numbers and functions for each media are recommended in this phase along with rationale/justification and how they will remedy deficiencies.

To develop effective strategy, training needs analysis should be conducted in line with various standards to identify knowledge/skill gaps and training needed by various positions. To improve efficiency (i.e., minimize duplication, maximize resource utilization and optimize performance) knowledge/skills common among team members should be uncovered, the costs of viable delivery options forecasted and compared, and tools for supporting performance identified. 

A quick scan of the process outlined above reveals that Training Systems Requirements Analysis for even a modest weapon system is data intensive, involves the capture, analysis, management and optimization of thousands of interrelated variables - and is best attained through ADVISOR Enterprise a web based decision support tool that stores all data in a relational database. For illustration, a brief outline of BNH analysis process is presented:

  • To facilitate the identification of Tasks performed in the operation and maintenance of a weapon system, the general capability of the system is identified through Missions and typical scenarios in which the system will operate. Each Mission can be further divided into Segments, Sub Segments and so on, as needed, to help analysts in the identification of all Tasks.


  • Tasks under each Mission, Segment or Sub Segment are identified and decomposed into Sub Tasks and Steps to generate a Master Task List (MTL). Moreover, systems and sub systems (i.e., engine, navigation, control, communication, surveillance, defense, etc.) required in the performance of each Task is also indicated.


  • Next, Tasks difficulty, importance and frequency are assessed to uncover training priority and generate Master Training Task List (MTTL).


  • Each Mission Task is than assigned to one or more positions (i.e., operators, technicians and support staff) to identify Tasks for each Job including level of competency. Next, the Knowledge, Skills and Attitudes needed to perform each Task are identified and compared to entry levels to uncover gaps and generate Training Requirements Analysis (TRA) report.


  • Training requirements are than converted into terminal and enabling learning objectives with conditions and standards. Next, viable delivery options are revealed by mapping training requirements to the capabilities of available media and  generate Objective/Media Analysis (OMA) report.

  • The most economical training options are than identified by forecasting and comparing the costs of viable media over life cycle.

  • Training Plan efficiency is further improved by recognizing overlapping responsibilities among team members and in-turn common Knowledge and Skills; considering budget/resources constraints; and various combinations of delivery options that maximize utilization rates.

Since 1987, BNH products and services have supported hundreds of teams in conducting Training Systems Requirements Analysis (TSRA) and produce highly effective and efficient training solutions. BNH competitive advantage stems from our in-depth knowledge of US, Canadian, UK and Australian military standards, experience with military organizations and our decision support tool ADVISOR Enterprise that greatly reduces the analysis time. 

"With ADVISOR, I can make changes on the spot and the graphs demonstrate right away their impact, that have enabled me to cut down my initial analysis from 30 days to one day".

Cathi Billings

Instructional System Specialist

Sheppard AFB


"ADVISOR simplified data validation. Tasks, including reference codes for each position, could easily be exported to Excel and sent to SMEs for review. A step that could have taken up to two-and-a-half weeks to perform is now generated with one hour".

John Marley




The ADVISOR decision support tool simplifies and speeds training systems requirements analysis, forecasts and optimizes training resources, improves resource allocation, generates audit trail to support recommendations and meets the requirements of various military standards. Moreover, by storing all data in a centralized database, accessible anytime and from anywhere with only a browser, we greatly facilitate collaboration and sharing of data among team members, minimize duplication, increase usability and productivity, as well as quickly identify the impact of future changes to tasks, systems, sub systems and policies on training requirements. As a result, the effectiveness, efficiency and relevance of training programs can be maintained over the life cycle, which will in-turn preserve performance, minimize costly errors and keep training programs effective, efficient and relevant. 

BNH has proven track record. Our products and services have been successfully implemented on several projects in Canada, US, UK, Australia, Netherlands and Singapore - including Operational System Training Provider (OTSP), Tactical Airlift (C130J), Air Force Technical Training Renewal (ATTR), Maritime Helicopter (CH148), Joint Strike Fighter (JSF), Basic Wing Course (BWC), Blackhawk (CH-53K), Poseidon (P-8A), Military Flying Training System (MFTS), Defence Training Review (DTR), Army Land Vehicle Crew Training, Polar Ice Breaker, Canadian Forces Naval Engineering School (CFNES) Weapons Engineering Technicians and others.

For more information or to discuss your specific needs, please contact us by E-mail or call us 1 514 745-4010.


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